There is a complex relationship of interdependence between the bees and the ecosystems. Without bees, the diversity of plant species and diversity within a species may not be as high. In contrast, the loss of biodiversity and the diversity of flowering plants in particular, lead to shortage of food resources for the bees. The federal government is committed at various levels in the conservation of biodiversity.

The reference international instrument in the field of biodiversity is the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to which Belgium is a signatory. On 26 October 2006, relevant Ministers adopted the National Strategy for Biological Diversity (2006-2016), the main instrument for implementation of the CBD at the national level. This strategy is currently being updated. This update is an opportunity to convert the ambitious global agreement reached at the Nagoya Summit on Biodiversity in 2010 into national policy.

In 2009, the Council of Ministers was referred the first federal plan 2009-2013 for the integration of biodiversity in four key federal sectors (economy, development cooperation, science policy, transport). It is the result of a commitment made in the Federal Sustainable Development Plan 2. By establishing and prioritising federal actions for improved integration of biodiversity into its policy, the plan provides a roadmap and a framework to various federal agencies to consider biodiversity at the national level in a better manner.

Efforts for the conservation of biodiversity are also made through information and public awareness. The federal government has taken many actions in this field.

The Bee Plan 2012-2014 of the FPS Public Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment includes, inter alia, raising awareness of citizens in partnership with NGOs, through increased participation in trade fairs and targeted distribution of brochures and educational tools.

Actions targeting the citizens are described on the site