The CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora regulates selling and purchasing as well as any other commercial activity involving animals and plants threatened with extinction.

M_dule964 – fotolia.fr

Illustration : Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni) - Annexe AII

Different procedures have to be followed depending on:
- the annexes in which these animals and plants are classified,
- whether this trade is planned in the European Union or with the rest of the world.

If you are not a breeder or a trader but your profession involves you working with species protected by CITES, some provisions may apply to your professional activities. see engaging other commercial activities.

In order to determine which situation you are in and which procedure you have to follow, it is important to ask yourself a number of questions.

It is an animal
Which Annex does it belong to?
ANNEX A
Is it a live specimen mentioned in Annex A
 
 
see Annex A list commonly marketed
You purchase/sell or engage in a commercial activity with the specimen
in Belgium or in the European Union
 
outside the European Union
see procedure in “to or from the European Union” section
Is it a part or a derivative of an Annex A animal? 
examples: ivory elephant tusk, narwhal tooth, whale teeth, stuffed panther, tiger skull, crocodile skull, sea turtle shell, etc.
 
 
You purchase/sell or engage in a commercial activity with the part or derivative of the Annex A animal
in Belgium or in the European Union
 
outside the European Union
see procedure in “to or from the European Union” section
ANNEX B
Is it a live specimen mentioned in Annex B
examples: certain amazons, Harris’ hawk, most chameleons, dendrobates, most pythons, tarantulas, emperor scorpion, Mexican axolotl, corals etc.
 
 
You purchase/sell or engage in a commercial activity with the specimen
in Belgium or in the European Union
 
outside the European Union
 see procedure in “to or from the European Union” section
It is an Annex B part or derivative 
examples: hippopotamus teeth, products manufactured from reptile leather (alligator, crocodile, monitor, etc. bag, wallet), caviar, crocodile meat, stuffed lion, skull of certain species of apes, dried butterflies, dead corals, etc.
 
 
You purchase/sell or engage in a commercial activity with the specimen
in Belgium or in the European Union
 
outside the European Union
 see procedure in “to or from the European Union” section