With the aim of preventing the introduction of invasive species within the national territory, the federal government lays down legal measures and develops awareness-raising actions.
The law of 12 July 1973 on the conservation of nature
Five specific targets have in fact been added to the law of 12 July 1973 on the conservation of nature. These are the following new items:
- To specify that the King may suspend and prohibit the import, export and transit of invasive alien species and to submit their authorisation for approval, registration or pre-notification;
- Possibility for the State to sign sectorial agreements with companies involved in the spread of non-native species;
- Possibility for the King to establish an Advisory Council to advise on the import, export and transit of non-native plant and animal species, including the IAS;
- Updating of provisions for criminal penalties that have been increased;
- Introduction of the possibility to apply administrative penalties in case of infringement;
- Updating provisions for qualified personnel to monitor the implementation of the law and its executing decrees for the part relating to the import, export and transit:
- agents of the FPS Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment [formerly: agents appointed by the Minister of Agriculture]
- customs [new]
- Federal and local police [formerly: constabulary, “Gendarmerie”]
The DG Environment of the FPS Public Health works on the implementation of the new provisions of the Law on the Conservation of Nature. Specifically, the DG is seeking to identify the species that may be subject to measures regulating their import, export and transit.