Every day we enjoy free services provided by nature (called 'ecosystem services'). Yet our current consumption and production patterns are responsible for the depletion of our natural resources and biodiversity, essential for the sustainability of ecosystem services. Preserving biodiversity is much more than just protecting and conserving nature. It also means ensuring that we use our ecosystems sustainably. In order to remedy this situation, the durable (without compromising the future of the generations to come) and equitable (respecting everybody) production and consumption is a major issue.

What are the interactions between our consumption and production patterns, biodiversity and the services provided by nature? What should be done to maximize the market through biodiversity while preserving it?

These questions were addressed as part of 2 studies at the symposium "Which market(s) for biodiversity?", organised by the FPS Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment on 10 December 2013.

These two federal studies were conducted as part of the "Federal Plan 2009 – 2013 for integrating biodiversity in 4 key Federal sectors" and as part of the federal and international policy on preserving biodiversity and natural resources.

The first entitled: "Consumption patterns and biodiversity: Consumer behaviour" shows how the federal government can encourage biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services, by adopting measures to change the demand of goods and services for consumers and citizens.

The second study called: "Economic transition: Consumption patterns and production: Encouraging key market players to integrate biodiversity ", aims to encourage market players, especially businesses and federations of industries, to propose sustainable consumption and production models and to consider the sustainable use potential of biodiversity for economic, social, and environmental gain. This study proposes a list of instruments that can be supported by the federal government.

At the symposium, three topics illustrated by case studies were discussed and illustrated by the fact sheets below ( only in french and dutch):
> Vegetable oils
> Bio-based products
> Natural substances

Interactions between each of these topics and the banks and insurances are described in the corresponding sheet.

Given below are the results of this day (only in french and dutch):
 conclusions of the symposium
 report of the discussion workshops