The 1997 Act defines the federal policy on Sustainable Development and establishes the bodies and tools required for its coordination. The Federal sustainable development plans are major instruments for integrating environment into the sectoral policies of the State. They aim to incorporate the social and economic dimensions in the federal environmental policies and actions. 

In 2010, the 1997 Act was amended in order to establish a long-term strategic vision for sustainable development.

This strategic vision is the result of contributions from all federal stakeholders in sustainable development (CIDD-ICDO, CFDD-FRDO, Task Force of the Planning Bureau, IFDD-FIDO) and consultation with civil society and the Parliament.

During this exercise, the federal government took into account the changes in our society (globalization, economic crisis, technological advances, climate change, demographic and social changes, etc.) . The cross-sectional nature of problems and challenges coming from the new social realities, requires the mobilization of all federal policies (and even all levels of government).

The aim of the federal sustainable development stakeholders is to launch an integrated and coherent approach to determine the visions and policies that go beyond the scope of a legislative term. This is translated into the federal strategic vision for sustainable development 2050

In September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by the UN General Assembly. The 17 SDGs aim to free humanity from poverty and put the planet back on a sustainable path. These goals, which are one and the same and inseparable, reflect the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and ecological aspects. They are divided into five main themes: people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership.

The FPS Health as a whole is concerned by the implementation of these Sustainable Development Goals as shown in the table below.