The 1997 Act defines the federal policy on Sustainable Development and establishes the organizations and tools required for its coordination.

The Federal sustainable development plans are major instruments for integrating environment into sectoral policies of the State. They pursue the objective of taking into account the social and economic dimensions in the environmental policies and actions carried out at the federal level. 

In 2010, the 1997 Act was amended to establish a long-term strategic vision for sustainable development. This vision is the result of contributions from all federal stakeholders in sustainable development (CIDD-ICDO, CFDD-FRDO, Task Force of the Planning Bureau, IFDD-FIDO) and consultation with the civil society and the Parliament.

During this exercise, social changes (globalization, economic crisis, technological advances, climate change, demographic and social changes, etc.) have been taken into account by the federal government.

The cross-sectional nature of problems and challenges posed by new social realities requires the mobilization of all federal policies (or even at all levels of authority).

The aim of the federal sustainable development stakeholders is to launch an integrated and coherent approach to determine the visions and policies that go beyond the scope of a Parliament. This is what the federal strategic vision for sustainable development 2050 plans to do.